Water damage refers to different potential losses incurred by water penetrating in places where it may enable entry of various detrimental processes including corrosion of metal, rotting of timber, mould growth, bacterial proliferation, rusting of metal, swelling of wood, et al. The damage can occur in different areas like roofs, flooring, walls, baseboards, insulation, and appliances. It can be categorized into residential and commercial property based on the causes and nature of the damages. Restoration methods can be classified as basic or advanced. Basic restoration is the first course of action to salvage the damaged structure. Advanced restoration consists of extensive clean up operation, removal of affected materials, and replacement of damaged parts.
In the process of water damage restoration, the initial step is cleaning. Water extraction consists of drying, cleaning, dehumidifying, polishing, and repairing of the roof, flooring, wall, baseboards, insulation, and plumbing. The total cleaning process removes accumulated organic wastes and moisture from the affected surfaces to prevent the growth of mould, mildew, and algae. During the cleaning process the service provider usually uses a pump to remove excess moisture, vacuum, filter, absorbent cloth, and dehumidifier. The final stage consists of drying and polishing.
Water damage restoration work is categorized into two forms: basic and advanced. The first type of cleaning includes removing water using pumps, cleaning, vacuuming, and drying, while the second type of restoration work mainly consists of drying, cleaning, and mending of the surface. The damage is assessed by the restoration specialist with the help of photographs and videos. Water mitigation involves a range of techniques that help in restoring the damaged structure, including:
Drying. When the structural fabric is restored dry it is made ready for the next steps. In case of complex damages, such as those resulting from fire and other catastrophe, or major water intrusion, drying is a very important step. Techniques for drying include:
Drying. When the standing water is completely dried and the standing water is gone, the remedial work is completed. Advanced damage restoration technique includes the use of dryers, air-drying equipment, dehumidifiers, and heaters. A very effective drying method is using high pressure or dry foam techniques. Water mitigation companies also provide drying solutions.
Water extraction. The damage restoration team carries out an intensive damage control process including drying, dehumidification, and water extraction. Water extraction comprises the removal of excess moisture, the removal of the contaminated materials, and debris. Water extraction techniques include: vacuum pulling, water extraction truck, floor drying, and hydro jetting. Advanced damage restoration companies use advanced drying equipment to speed up the process of water extraction.